#10 Use of AI-based tools in teaching (Part 2)

Using AI during a course

AI-based text-generating tools such as ChatGPT can not only be used by students to support their learning process, but also hold great potential for teachers. This is because on the one hand, they can make course planning more efficient, and on the other hand, they can be used in courses a didactically meaningful way. This article describes possible application scenarios of AI-based tools in courses.


In courses, AI-based tools can be used to support students not only in acquiring subject-specific competences, but also in acquiring competences in the use of AI itself.

For a didactically sensible use of AI-based tools, it is advisable to be guided by the concept of constructive alignment, which means the alignment of learning outcomes, examination task(s) and teaching/learning activities. Against this background, you as a teacher should critically examine whether the use of AI-based tools during teaching/ learning activities makes sense with regards to the learning outcomes and the examination.

Constructive Alignment in the middle. Around it in a circle: Learning Outcomes, Learning Methods and Activities, Exam methods and tasks. Everything is connected.
Fig. 1: Constructive Alignment
  • If tasks in the assessment have to be completed without AI-based tools, it can make sense to also do the relevant exercises in class without the use of AI. This can be done in a flipped classroom setting, for example.
  • If the use of AI-based tools contributes to the achievement of the subject-specific learning outcomes, or if the use of AI-based tools is allowed in the exam, it is also sensible to use them during the learning process. In addition to the verifiable learning result, it is also advisable to document and reflect on not only the result, but also on the process of working on the task with AI-based tools and, if desired, to include this in the grade.

The following examples show how using AI-based tools can support the didactic-methodological design of your course.

To help students acquire subject-specific competences, your students can use AI-based tools to:

  • have texts summarised and analysed
  • create exercises, self-assessments and exam questions on the content
  • create and evaluate possible solutions for tasks
  • develop arguments for different points of view in discussions
  • write code and have it explained
  • check code they have written themselves
  • translate code into another programming language
  • develop evaluation criteria for texts or code
  • generate and edit problem sets and sample cases on specific topics

To help your students acquire competences related to AI (AI Literacy), your students could do the following:

  • compare the output of AI-based tools for a specific prompt with scientifically approved knowledge and have its quality evaluated
  • compare the output of AI-based tools for a specific prompt with a solution created by humans
  • have the output of AI-based tools checked with regard to truth, bias and hallucination
  • create prompts for various tasks, check and improve them
  • create texts with the help of AI-based tools, taking into consideration principles of good scientific practice

In order to receive good results from your prompts, the following suggestions might be helpful:

  • have ChatGPT take on the role of a person (e.g. teacher of subject XY)
  • clearly describe the task/goal to be done and specify sub-steps
  • describe the context and possible conditions or limitations as
    precisely as possible
  • describe the desired output format (e.g. giving examples
Illustration of a network, an eye, texts and abstract forms
I am a sticker. You can learn more about me in the FAQ.

Help and contact

In TU4U, you can find information on the legal framework that needs to be taken into consideration when using AI-based tools in teaching at TU Graz.


Do you have another great idea or a best practice example? Perhaps something did not work out and you would like to share your lessons learned, or maybe you need didactic support? Feel free to share your experiences with AI-based tools in teaching.
We are looking forward to exchanging with you!
E-mail: teachingacademy@tugraz.at

Sources (selection):

Einfachlehren.de. 2023. Einsatzmöglichkeiten textbasierte KI in der Hochschullehre

Fleischmann, Andreas. 2023. ChatGPT in der Hochschullehre. Wie künstliche Intelligenz uns unterstützen und herausfordern wird. Neues Handbuch Hochschullehre A 1.30

Gimpel, H., Hall, K., Decker, S., Eymann, T., Lämmermann, L., Mädche, A., Röglinger, R., Ruiner, C., Schoch, M., Schoop, M., Urbach, N., Vandirk, S. (2023). Unlocking the Power of Generative AI Models and Systems such as GPT-4 and ChatGPT for Higher Education: A Guide for Students and Lecturers.

Spannagel, Christian. 2023. ChatGPT und die Zukunft des Lernens: Evolution statt Revolution.

Pölert, Hauke. 2023. Lernbegleitung mit ChatGPT Mega-Prompts? Erste Überlegungen zu KI als Writing-Tutor.



TU Graz Teaching Academy



Recently published